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2 ' Emergency Preparedness Canada Protection civile Canada RECORD OF PROCEEDNGS CANADA/GERMANY SPONSORED SEMNAR ON CVL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS FOR CEE/FSU NATONS AHRWELER, GERMANY 3-7 MAY 1993 HV E85 R43a 1993
3 RECORD OF PROCEEDNGS CANADA/GERMANY SPONSORED SEMNAR ON CVL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS FOR CEE/FSU NATONS AHRWELLER, GERMANY 3-7 MAY 1993
4 Record of Proceedings of the Canada/Germany-Sponsored Seminar on Civil Emergency Preparedness for Central and Eastern European (CEE)States and Countries of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) held at the Katastrophenschutzschule des Bundes, Ahrweiler, Germany 3-7 May 1993 Background: This initiative stems from the dramatic changes in Central and Eastern Europe over the past three years and the desire on the part of NATO Alliance members to forge closer ties with their former adversaries while, at the same time, assisting them in their efforts to institute democratic reform. Canada and Germany have been leading proponents of cooperation with the CEE/FSU nations and have advocated the extension of those ties within the North Atlantic Cooperation Council forum. t 1 t n 1992 the Canadian Ambassador to NATO suggested that Canada, in cooperation with NATO, develop a seminar on civil emergency preparedness for representatives of the CEE/FSU nations. A preliminary seminar sponsored by Canada was held at the SHAPE School in Oberammergau, Germany and covered the topic of "Emergency Preparedness in Democratic Western Society" in rather general terms, using the examples of Canada, Germany and the United States as the basis for further discussion. Nineteen representatives from 15 CEE and FSU states attended. Costs associated with this seminar were borne entirely by Canada. The success of this initial venture prompted a suggestion for further gatherings of a more specific nature. n response to this suggestion, Canada and Germany agreed to co-sponsor a second seminar in Germany in the Spring of The topics of earthquake and nuclear preparedness were chosen based upon the preponderance of preference expressed at the Oberammergau session. The German Government offered the site of the Katastrophenschutzschule des Bundes in Ahrweiler, near Bonn as the venue for this second seminar and provided the facilities and services free of charge or at a nominal cost. Russia agreed to provide simultaneous interpretation at their cost. Canada paid for the travel and per diem of the CEE/FSU delegates and all other participants paid their own expense. This resulted in an equitable cost-sharing arrangement. Aim: To provide a forum for the exchange of information on earthquake and nuclear emergency preparedness.
5 Attendees: Twenty-six delegates from 18 CEE/FSU countries attended. Lecture support was provided by the United States Emergency Management nstitute of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, by the City of Los Angeles Fire Department; by representatives of the German Federal and Lander governments and private sector; by the NATO Civil Emergency Planning Directorate; by Emergency Preparedness Canada and by the British Columbia Provincial Emergency Program. A complete list of attendees is attached as ANNEX A. 2 Program: A program was developed that was intended to impart information on the earthquake and nuclear preparedness and planning activities in Canada, the United States and Germany and to encourage presentations by the CEE/FSU delegates on the relevant situations in their countries. The program was also designed to stimulate formal and informal discussion both inside and outside the classroom. The program is attached as ANNEX B. The following are brief summaries of the individual presentations. Where available, a copy of the full presentation is attached as an Annex, usually in the language presented. Opening Remarks Herr Hanisch, of the German Ministry of the nterior, officially welcomed delegates on behalf of the German Government. A copy of his remarks are attached as ANNEX C. Mr Braham welcomed delegates on behalf of the Canadian co-sponsors. Earthquake Planning in Canada Ms DeBeaupre and Mr Heemskerk provided a comprehensive presentation on earthquake preparedness and planning in Canada. Their presentation included a brief review of the basic principles of emergency preparedness in Canada; jurisdictional responsibilities; and, the extent of the earthquake threat. Their presentations then focussed more specifically on the detailed responsibilities of each level of government; federal, provincial and municipal, with respect to earthquake preparedness in Canada, and concluded with a description of the elements of the British Columbia Earthquake Response Plan and the National (federal) Earthquake Support Plan. A summary of their presentations is attached as ANNEX D. Civil-Military Cooperation (CMC) in NATO Mr Elmquist opened his presentation by noting that NATO was not a civil emergency planning or humanitarian aid organization. Nor is it a military organization. Rather, it is a political Alliance which, since the announcement of a new strategic concept, is not only focussed on the peace and security of its members, but of other contiguous areas as well. He noted that for the first forty years of NATO's existence, CMC was aimed at preparations for an enemy attack. t had never been used for its original purpose. Rather,
6 the first time that it was brought into operation was during the Persian Gulf War and then again, during the humanitarian aid operation to the Former Soviet Union. He described the organization for civil emergency planning in NATO with the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee (SCEPC) as the senior body and nine subordinate functional Planning Boards and Committees to conduct the necessary planning within their areas of expertise. Following a 1991 meeting of NATO Ministers the principle of cooperation with CEE/FSU states has been part of the Alliance doctrine. Mr Elmquist described that in the case of CEO, this cooperation had been impeded by the objections of one Alliance member He provided a forecast of new areas for NATO CEP which potentially included humanitarian aid, disaster relief and support to peacekeeping operations in which the Alliance might become involved. During the question period following Mr Elmquist's presentation, the Russian delegation circulated a Russian/English lexicon of emergency terminology that they had developed since the last seminar. They sought comment and material support to continue with the development of this project. t was agreed to canvass NATO members in the SCEPC Permanent session for any indications of willingness to lend assistance. Landslides and Seismographic Monitoring in Kazakhstan Mr Kravchuk gave a presentation, followed by a very graphic video, on the landslide problems in Kazakhstan, and the monitoring and mitigation measures being taken to reduce the hazard. A copy of Mr Kravchuk's presentation is attached as ANNEX E. Romanian Eart.hquake Training Video LCo Stefanescu screened a very interesting video of a realistic earthquake response exercise conducted in Bucharest. Civil Defence in Bulgaria Colonel vanov gave a presentation on the history and organization of civil defence in Bulgaria. Originally formed as an Air/Chemical Defence Force it's tasks evolved into those associated with protection of the population and nuclear defence. Recently however, the emphasis has changed to disaster relief and the organization has been redesigned to take this change into account. Progress is hampered by limited financial and personnel resources. A copy of Colonel vanov's presentation is attached as ANNEX F.
7 4 Nuclear Preparedness in Germany The German authorities provided a series of briefings that comprehensively covered nuclear accident preparedness in Germany. The German program is attached as ANNEX G. Professor Bayer spoke on nuclear preparedness at the Federal level. His presentation is attached as Appendix 1 to ANNEX G. Dr Miska then covered the same topic from the perspective of the Lander. His presentation is attached as Appendix 2 to ANNEX G. Herr Ho11 spoke from the point of view of the nuclear power plant operator and his presentation is attached as Appendix 3 to ANNEX G. n the afternoon session, Mr Narrong spoke of environmental issues associated with nuclear safety and a copy of his presentation is attached as Appendix 4 to ANNEX G. Dr Lottermoser, speaking on behalf of Dr Peinsipp, concluded this part of the program with a review of the legislative aspects associated with nuclear safety. Her presentation is attached as Appendix 5 to ANNEX G. Earthquake Response in the United States: The Community Emergency Response Concept Mr Sharro opened this segment of the program with some introductory remark which are attached as ANNEX H. Assistant Chief Frank Borden of the Los Angeles Fire Department then described the Community Emergency Response program developed for his city. A summary of his presentation and of the slides used are attached as Appendix to ANNEX H. Training Officer John Moede then entertained and informed the seminar with a series of practical demonstrations on the training provided to volunteers in the City of Los Angeles. A summary of his presentation is attached as Appendix 2 to ANNEX H. n summing up these presentations and demonstrations, Chief Borden stressed the importance of maintaining the program and suggested a number of ways in which that could be done. They included: Annual refresher training. Provision of identity cards for morale purposes. Regular exercises. Presentation of awards to recognize service and participation. nvolvement of the media and senior municipal officials. Careful selection of instructors. Low student to instructor ratio. Provision of manuals and training materials. This program segment was concluded with the showing of two short videos that captured the lessons of the preceding presentations and demonstrations.
8 Russian Experience in Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at. Local Level (APELL) 5 Mr Chernoplekov provided a presentation and a video on this subject and a copy of the slides used with his remarks are attached as ANNEX T. Considerations for Earthquake Planning Mr Heemskerk and Ms debeaupre posed a situation and several questions to the delegates who were divided into three syndicates. A copy of the situation and questions is attached as ANNEX J. A wide variety of responses were received that reflected varying interpretations of the questions and different national threat assessments. Nevertheless, the discussion was lively and permitted a useful exchange of views. The Chernobyl Disaster MGen Kapoustian led off with a description of the ravages caused by the Chernobyl disaster and of the remedial actions being taken in the Ukraine to prevent a specific recurrence at the Chernobyl site and a general emergency at nuclear sites throughout the Ukraine. A copy of MGen Kapoustian's remarks are attached as ANNEX K. Mr Gurinovitch enumerated the significant effects the Chernobyl disaster had had upon the territory and people of Belarus. An information sheet summarizing Mr Gurinovitch's remarks is attached as Appendix to ANNEX K. The. Polish Earlv-Warning S stem Colonel Konieczny informed the seminar of the purpose, organization and capabilities of the nuclear monitoring system in Poland. A copy of his hand-written notes are attached as ANNEX L. Nuclear Power Plant. Safety in the Czech and Slovak Republics Speaking on behalf of both Republics, Mr Hron briefed the seminar on the measures being taken in the two Republics to improve the technical safety of their nuclear power plants and the physical security of populations living in their vicinity. A copy of his presentation is attached as ANNEX M. Civil Defence in Hungary Colonel Orovecz spoke first of the specific safety measures associated with the Paks nuclear power plant. He then described the numerous other potential emergencies that might affect Hungary. A copy of his presentation is attached as.annex N.
9 6 Civil Defence in Armenia Mr Badalian noted first of all the large number of potential disasters that might affect his country, highlighting the disastrous earthquake of a few years ago. He described planning and mitigation efforts and organizational changes undertaken to mitigate the effects of future disasters. Notwithstanding these efforts, however, he noted that severe side effects of the current war with Azerbaijan (eg power and food rationing) have severely limited the effectiveness of these mitigation efforts. A copy of Mr Badalian's hand-written notes are attached as ANNEX O. The Next Seminar There was general agreement that this had been a worthwhile venture and one to be repeated in the future. The Chairman suggested the following criteria for future seminars: - dentification of a topic. - Provision of a suitable venue. - Suitable cost-sharing arrangements. - Once a year. With respect to a future topic, a number were suggested that included: Transportation of dangerous goods. Chemical/ndustrial accidents. Risk assessment. Lessons learned from major disasters. The legal basis for emergency preparedness. Training & Exercises. No decision was made on a topic at the seminar, however, Canada will liaise with all concerned to determine one that is most suitable for the widest audience. A number of countries indicated their desire to host the next seminar. Subsequently the Czech Republic formally extended an invitation to host a seminar in Subject to finalization of other national approvals and definition of associated administrative arrangements, this kind invitation has been accepted in principle. Due to a large Canadian national exercise scheduled for May 1994, it is anticipated that an early june 1994 date will be the most suitable time-frame for the next seminar and planning will proceed on that basis. Canada agreed to raise the question of participation and cost-sharing by other NATO Allies in the SCEPC Permanent forum. CEE/FSU delegates were asked to try and have their authorities raise the issue of CEP into the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) Work Plan.
10 7 t To assist in the exchange of information, Canada agreed to undertake to have the current NATO CEP Questionnaire forwarded to CEE/FSU partners for completion. Analyzed returns could then be shared by all concerned, providing a better picture of national situations with respect to emergency preparedness. Closing Remarks n closing the seminar, the Chair thanked all of the national authorities involved, in particular Germany for the outstanding arrangements and venue; Russia for the interpreters; and the Un 'red States for the considerable effort they had expended to make their extremely in;,,i sting and entertaining presentation. t i 1
11 1 i t 11
12 LST OF PARTCPANTS ANNEX A to Record of Proceedings of Civil Emergency Preparedness Seminar, Ahrweiler, Germany 3-7 May 1993
13 1 Participants Canada/Germany Sponsored Seminar on Civil Emergency Preparedness Katastrophenschutzschule der Bundes Ahrweiler, Germany 3-7 May, 1993 Country Name & Address Telephone/Facsimile Albania Mr Dervish Dumi, Department of Telephone: Multilateral Cooperation and nternational Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tirana, Albania Armenia Mr Stepan Badalian, Chief of the State Telephone: , Emergency Management Administration, Pushkin str 25, Facsimile: Yerevan 10, Republic of Armenia (7-8852) Azerbaijan Mr Bakhtiar Alimardanov, Head of Telephone: , Department for nternational Relations, Ministry of Defence, Baku Belorussia Mr N.A. Gurinovich, Office of the Facsimile: Ministry of the Republic of Belorussia, Government House, Minsk Bulgaria Colonel Dipl. Eng. vailo Asenov Telephone: vanov, Chief of Preventive Defence (003592) Section, Civil Defence of Republic of Facsimile: Bulgaria, 30 N. Gabrowsky str., 1172 (003592) Sofia Czech Republic Mr Milan Hron, Civil Defence Staff, Telephone: Namesti Svobody 471,. i6001 Praha 6 Facsimile: Capt. ng. Karel Musil, Civil Defence Telephone: of Czech Republic, Zarizeni S Co Cr, CHL Kamenice, Kamenice 191, Stirin, Facsimile: Praha-Zapad Estonia Mr Ain Karafin, Head of the Telephone: Development & Defence Dept, (0142) Estonian Rescue Board, Raua 2, Facsimile: EE-0010 Tallinn, Estonia (0142)
14 Georgia Mr Karlo Siharulidze, NATO Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chitadze Telephone: (8832) Facsimile: (8832) str 4, Tblisi Hungary Colonel stvan Orovecz, BM PVOP, Telephone: 1903 Budapest Pf Facsimile: Capt Gyorgy Lesko, Commander of Telephone: Miskolc Civil Defence, 3525 Miskolc, , Varoshaz ter 8 Kazakhstan Mr Alexander Kravchuk, Head of Telephone: Department, State Committee of (3272) Emergency, Staff Office to President Facsimile: and Cabinet of Ministers, House of (3272) Parliament, Almaty Kirghizstan. Mr F. Kamchibekov, Committee for Emergency Situations, President Logulenenko 89, Bishkek Latvia Mr Visvaldis Mucenieks, Executive Telephone: Director, Civil Defence Centre, (0132) Kalpaka Bulv 6, Riga LV 1050 Colonel Eduard Zaharjats, Chief of Telephone: Aviation, Emergency Preparedness (0132) Sector, Ministry of Defence, 4 Raina Facsimile: Blvd, LV 1050 Riga (0132) Moldova Mr Ghenadie Eremei Stirbul, Civil Telephone: Defence of Moldova, str Grenoble 159/4, ap 49, or. Kishinev Poland Colonel Zygmunt Konieczny, Civil Telephone: Defence Training Centre, Milosna Facsimile: Stara, ul. Topolowa 2, Wesola Romania LCol Petre Stefanescu, Civil Defence Telephone: nspectorate, Str. Ceasornicului 5, (40) Sector 1, Bucharest 1
15 Russia Mr Yuri Brazhnikov, Deputy Chief, Department of nternational Cooperation, State Committee of Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM), Teatralny proezd 3, Moscow Mr Andrei Kazakov, Expert, Department of nternational Cooperation, EMERCOM Mr Alexis Chernoplekov, Scientific R&D Organization "ndustrial Rise" Mrs Tatiana Chernoplekov (nterpreter) Telephone: (095) Facsimile: (095) Telephone: (095) Facsimile: (095) Telephone: (095) Facsimile: (095) Mrs Natalia Melkova (nterpreter) Slovak Republic Ukraine ng. Jan Repa, Civil Defence Section, Ministry of the nterior, Drienova 22, Bratislava MGen Mykola Kapoustian, First Deputy to Chief of Department, Civil Defence Department of the Ukraine, St Lipska 18/5, Kiev-53 Colonel Roman Brakowsky, Head of Department of nternational Affairs, Civil Defence Department of the Ukraine, St Lipska 18/5, Kiev- 53 Telephone: (042) Facsimile: (042) Telephone: (044) Facsimile: (044) Telephone: (044)
16 Germany Dr A. Bayer, Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz, nstitut für Strahlenhygiene, D-8042 Neuherberg- München Mr Horst Miska, Ministerium des nnern und für Sport, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schillerplatz 3-5, 6500 Mainz Mr Ho11, Hauptabt. Leiter, KKW Mülheim-Kârlich Mr Jürgen Narrog, Umweltministerium Baden-Württemberg Dr Lottermoser, Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit United States Mr Steve Sharro, Deputy Telephone: Superintendent, National Emergency (301) Training Centre, Emergency Facsimile: Management nstitute, Emmitsburg, (301) MD Frank W. Borden, Assistant Chief, Los Telephone: Angeles City Fire Department, 227 N. (213) Lake Street, Los Angeles, CA John D. Moede, Medical Training Officer, Los Angeles City Fire Department, 227 N. Lake Street, Los.Arigeles, CA 90026
17 t 1 f Canada NATO Headquarters Mr Mike Braham, Director nternational Programs and Exercises, Emergency Preparedness Canada,,121 Bank Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A OW6 Ms Ann DeBeaupre, Earthquake Planning Officer, Emergency Preparedness Canada, 121 Bank Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A OW6 Mr Chris Gabie, nternational Programs Coordinator, Emergency Preparedness Canada, 121 Bank Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A OW6 Dr Terrell Popoff, CEP Attaché, Canadian Delegation to NATO, NATO Headquarters, Brussels 1110 Mr Tony Heemskerk Director Provincial Emergency Program 455 Boleskine Road Victoria, BC V8Z le7 Mr Michael Elmquist, Director, Civil Emergency Planning Directorate, NATO Headquarters, Brussels 1110, Belgium Telephone: (613) Facsimile: (613) Telephone: (613) Facsimile: (613) Telephone: (613) Facsimile: (613) Telephone: ext 216 Facsimile: Telephone: (604) Facsimile: (604) Telephone: (02) Facsimile: (02)
19 SEMNAR PROGRAM ANNEX B to Record of Proceedings of Civil Emergency Preparedness Seminar, Ahrweiler, Germany 3-7 May 1993
20 Seminar Program Monday' : 3 May Welcoming & administrative remarks Welcoming remarks Earthquake Planning in Canada Coffee Break Earthquake Planning in Canada Lunch CMC in NATO Presentation by Kazakhstan on seismographic monitoring and landslide preparedness Mr Harnisch, German Ministry of the nterior Mr Braham, Canada Mr Heemskerk, Ms de' Beaupre, Canada Mr Heemskerk, Ms de Beaupre, Canada Mr Elmquist, NATO CEPD Mr Kravchuk, Kazakhstan Coffee Break Video: Romanian earthquake exercise LCol Stefanescu, Romania Civil emergency preparedness in Bulgaria Mr vanov, Bulgaria
21 Tuesday: 4 May , Nuclear Preparedness in Prof Bayer, Germany Germany: Federal Coffee Break Nuclear Preparedness in Dr Miska, Germany Germany: Lander Nuclear Preparedness in Germany: Nuclear Power Plant Mr Holl, Germany Lunch Nuclear Preparedness in Germany: Environ mental ssues Mr Narrong, Germany Coffee Break Nuclear Preparedness in Germany: National Warning System Dr Lottermoser, Germany Wednesday: 5 May Earthquake response in the United States: Community Emergency Response Concept Mr Sharro, Chief Borden, Mr Moede, United States Coffee Break Earthquake response in the United States: Community Emergency Response Concept Mr Sharro, Chief Borden, Mr Moede, United States Lunch
22 Video: Earthquake response at the community level Presentation on the Russian civil emergency planning organization Coffee Break Considerations for earthquake planning. Chief Borden, United States Russia Mr Heemskerk, Ms de Beaupre, Canada Local Sightseeing Tour Thursday: 6 May The Chernobyl Disaster The Polish early-warning system Coffee Break Nuclear power plant safety in the Czech and Slovak Republics MGen Kapoustian, Ukraine/Mr Guri novitch, Belarus Col Konieczny, Poland Mr Hron,Czech Republic/Mr Repa, Slovak Republic Civil Defence in Hungary Colonel Orovecz, Hungary Civil Defence in Armenia Lunch Call on Mayor of Bonn & free afternoon in Bonn Mr Badalian, Armenia Friday: 7 May Seminar Wrap-up AU
24 ANNEX C to Record of Proceedings of Civil Emergency Preparedness Seminar, Ahrweiler, Germany 3-7 May 1993 OPENNG REMARKS: HERR HANSCH, GERMANY
25 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen n the name and on behalf of the Federal Minister of the nterior, Mr. Seiters, have the honour to welcome you to this seminar dealing with information and exchange. We are meeting today here in the Federal Disaster Control School in Ahrweiler for reasons of discussing matters such as civil emergency preparedness for earthquakes and nuclear emergencies. also have the pleasure to welcome you in the name of Mr. Beyer, Mr. Wittschen and Mr. Weinbrenner whom most of you, dear participants, will have the pleasure to lcnow from previous conferences. Mr. Weinbrenner is staying on vacation in the USA for the moment _ so that he is unable to participate today. Mr. Wittschen, on the other hand, for the moment is in charge with an important issue in the Ministry of Financial Affairs. That's why he won't be able to welcome you before some later moment in the course of this day. think he will be with us at about 13 or 14 hours. Mr. Wittschen has asked me to excuse him for being late and to represent him so far. At this point would like to take the opportunity to introduce myself: my name is Johannes Hanisch, 'm a colleague of Mr. Weinbrenner. The process and development of democracy in the Central and East European Countries have lead to totally new possibilities 6f worlcing together so far unknown. We're trying to take up these possibilities in the field of disaster management. n this area we want to get in close contact with the Central and East European Countries and even deepen it. This conference on mutual information shall be one further step in this direction. There has been a preliminary seminar at the NATO School in Oberammergau, organized and sponsored by Canada. We're especially grateful to the Canadians that they're taking the leadership even for this seminar which Canada and Germany will manage together. The meeting takineplace now fits well into the activities we started by means of the conference on Bilateral Cooperation in the Field of Civil Protection and Disaster Management with the States in East and Southeast Europe held in Heyrothsberge near Magdelburg on September 29 and 30, On occasion of that conference a German draft model of a bilateral agreement on mutual assistance in case of disasters and main accidents was presented. This gives me the reason to express my gratitude towards the Russian government for having made an invitation for a follow-up conference which will take place in Moscow by mid-may.
26 this seminar talcing place today also fits well into the three meetings lasting a fortnight each having as their general topic Civil Defence, and Protection of the Population. As you know, one of this meetings had even taken place. n our view, cross-border co-operation is very important particularly in the field of disaster management. We're trying to contribute to the transfer of knowledge in favour of the young democracies in Central and Eastern Europe in this field. n my opinion it is very favourable for any cross-border co-operation in this field to get personally acquainted with each other. This is also one of the main purposes of this seminar. Let me say thank you to everybody who has contributed to enable this meeting to take place. As for the proceedings ahead wish a very good success and to all of you wish a pleasant stay and a good time here in Ahrweiler near to the River Rhine, famous for its good wine.
28 EARTHQUAKE PLANNNG N CANADA ANNEX D to Record of Proceedings of Civil Emergency Preparedness Seminar, Ahrweiler, Germany 3-7 May
29 1 EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS N CANADA OVERVEW Good morning ladies and gentlemen. Mike Braham has already introduced Tony and. We have worked together to get ready for this morning and our presentation to you is an integrated one. Generally, we will be alternating our presentations, so that the two of us will both talk on one topic and then move on to the next one. One point would like to make is that Tony and are very interested in receiving your input and ideas on these plans. see this morning is more than speak and you listen, but really _ as a "what do you think about this plan we have produced?" type of session. Hopefully, if we are not too windy, there will be time for questions and discussions at the end. f not, we can always continue our discussion over beer later. The AM of this presentation is to provide information to you on the preparation of earthquake plans for Canada, and for one region in Canada, the province of British Columbia. One thing we will try to concentrate on is the lessons we have learned along the way. Just to make it clear to you from the beginning, we will be talking about two levels of government, the federal government of Canada, and the provincial government of British Columbia, and two plans, the British Columbia Earthquake Response Plan and the National Earthquake Support Plan. Just to make the situation a bit muddy, we will also be talking a little bit about one other province, Alberta, and their activities in earthquake preparedness. The presentation this morning will be as follows : First, we will provide you with a general background description of the country of Canada and the province of British Columbia, including the types of hazards and risks we face. Next, we will quickly explain the principles of the emergency management system in place in Canada. We will then become more specific and outline the earthquake risk in Canada and British Columbia. Tony will then talk about earthquake planning in British Columbia and the British Columbia Response Plan. will then talk about earthquake planning at the federal level and the National Earthquake Support Plan. will also talk a little bit about that second province, Alberta, and their earthquake preparedness activities. We will both talk about the interaction of the provincial and federal plans, and then address a few select issues arising from the development of these plans and the lessons we have learned. n deference to the interpreters, we have tried to minimize the number of words on our slides. This slide is probably the busiest of the bunch, so from here on, it should be easy. Tony and Ann have also brought a number of handouts which you see at the back of the room. Please feel free to take any or all that interest you. We will be describing each one at some point during the presentation. Some of the material at the back of the room is extremely heavy, so we have only brought one copy as an example for you to look at. f you would like a copy of something that we have only brought one of, or additional copies of