1 How to Master Theses at the Chair of Urban Water Systems Engineering
2 About the topics Topics for master theses are provided either by our chair or in external cooperation. Internal topics will be carried as research topics related to our present research projects as either experimental or detailed literature work. Considering external topics the chair will provide academic guidance. Topics acquired by students are welcome as long as they fit into the field of urban water engineering. General information about external theses are provided here. General hints considering time and work load Topics are offered in winter and summer terms An up-to-date list of topics can be found here The thesis has to be written within 6 months from registration date As 1 Credit accounts for 30 working hours we expect 30 x 30 Stunden = 900 hours of work load accounting for 6,5 h/day considering the registration Registration forms have to be brought in by the students. There are exceptions for forms of civil and environmental engineering which are provided by the chair. The forms are available at the examination offices of the particular faculties considering practical work Lab experience is helpful, but not necessary Experimental work requires a safety introduction organized by your supervisor Safety gear and clothing is mandatory and will be provided by the institute. For data processing and evaluation our computer pool is available Literature can be found besides next to the TUM libraries in our institute s library as well
3 Written Format Format The document should be written in English exceptions may be possible depending on the research project There is no default format Max. text size 12 Max. line pitch 1,5-fach Structure Cover Content Acronyms Abstract Zusammenfassung (auf deutsch) Introduction Materials & Methods Results & Discussion Conclusion & Prospect References Appendix Declaration of Academic Honesty (eidesstattliche Erklärung zur Selbsanfertigung you can find an example here) Extent Content approximately 60, max. 100 pages (including appendix) Literature and Sources Reliable sources are (Books, journal articles (possibly peer-reviewed), institutional guidelines i. e. DWA Arbeitsblätter. sets of regulations). Lecture notes and presentations as well as the internet should not be cited or only to a minimal extent. In general the reader has to be able to acquire the cited literature sources. Modified tables, figures and graphs have to cited as well!
4 Citation In-text One author [ ] According to Kroiss (2006) an energy of 159 kwh/(cp*d) can be determined by a specific COD load of 120 g/(cp*d) fort he organic loads in the influent of a WWTP. [ ] Two authors [ ] Depending on the chemicals used as well as their amount literature indicates an elimination of 50 to 80 % of COD, 80 to 90 % of suspended solids considering microorganisms in settling tanks (Metcalf und Eddy, 2003). [ ] Several authors [ ] The physical processes (sedimentation, flotation, sieving) are an economic possibility to remove particulate matter from wastewater (Schwarz et al., 2007). [ ] Sets of regulations [ ] With pre-nitrification and lack of organic carbon the flow can be reduced to 0.5 to 1.0 hours during dry weather periods (DWA A 281, 2003). [ ] Tables Table 1: energy consuming components of a WWTP (http://www.gfm-ingenieure.de) Process step Energy consuming components Draw works Degree of efficiency % Screen Aeration of sieving work Aerated grit chamber Aerators, stirrers Aerobic biological treatment Pumps, Aerators, stirrers
5 Change of a figure, table or formula Table 1: Composition of raw wastewater (according to Bischof und Hosang, 1998) Particulate matter Settleable solids Nonsettleable solids Total substance COD Ptot. Dimension Separation k.a. [g /cp*d] mechanichal k.a. [g /cp*d] Sum k.a. [g /cp*d] Dissolved matter ,8 [g /cp*d] mechanochemical mechanochemical Total ,8 [g /cp*d] Figures [ ] Aerated sludge produces extrapolymeric substrances (EPS) and agglomerates to flock which are easy so separate from the liquid phase by their relatively high density by sedimentation [ ] Figure 1: sludge flock <350 µm (http://www.wasser-wissen.de)
6 1) The references section Internet URL: /; last accessed: Journal JARDIN, N.; HIPPEN, A.; SEYFRIED, C.F.; ROSENWINKEL, K.-H.; GREULICH, F. (2001). Deammonifikation des Schlammwassers auf der Kläranlage Hattingen mit Hilfe des Schwebebettverfahrens. gwf Wasser Abwasser, 142, Conference presentation HUBER, H., BISCHOF, F., KÖPPL, S., FROMMANN, C. (2005). Maschinelle und verfahrenstechnische Methoden zur Abwasserreinigung, 32. Abwassertechnisches Seminar (ATS), Abwasserreinigung ohne Biologie?, 15. Juli 2005, Garching. Book BEVER, J.; STEIN, A.; TEICHMANN, H. (2002). Weitergehende Abwasserreinigung, Munich: Oldenbourg Industrieverlag. Set of rules DWA A-281. (2003). Bemessung von Tropfkörpern und Rotationstauchkörpern. Hennef: DIN (2002). Kläranlagen - Baugrundsätze für Bauwerke und technische Ausrüstungen - Teil 2: Besondere Baugrundsätze für Einrichtungen zum Abtrennen und Eindicken von Feststoffen, Beuth Verlag GmbH.
7 Evaluation The evaluation is based on the following table: Evaluation Structure Problem depiction/motivation Scientific apporach Results, proves and derivation Abstract References Content Thread Scientific accuracy Results interpretation Prospect Literature Research Extent and relevance Commitment Self-organization Level of difficulty Scientific comprehension creativity Formal aspects Citation Layout Graphics, tables, figures Orthography Comprehensibility Paper, print and binding quality Presentation (if demanded by FPSO) Structure Presentation style Compliance of limits (time, comprehension) Competence in follow-up questions The grade will be composed by weighed mean of the points mentioned in the table The guiding Post Doc or Professor will determine the grade in the end In cases in which they are demanded by the FPSO presentations will be held during the PhD seminar at our chair